HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP)

Tags: Glossary

The internet protocol that allows World Wide Web browsers to retrieve information from servers.

What is HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP)?

HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP)

The internet has become an integral part of our lives, connecting people and devices across the globe. At the heart of this vast network lies the HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP), a fundamental protocol that enables us to access and retrieve information from servers using web browsers.

HTTP serves as the foundation for communication between web browsers, such as Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Safari, and web servers that host websites and web applications. It acts as a language that allows these two entities to understand and exchange data seamlessly.

When you type a website address into your browser's address bar or click on a link, your browser initiates an HTTP request to the corresponding web server. This request is like a message that asks the server to send back specific information, such as a webpage, an image, or a video.

The HTTP request consists of several components. Firstly, it includes the method, which indicates the type of action the browser wants the server to perform. The most common method is "GET," which requests a specific resource from the server. Other methods like "POST," "PUT," and "DELETE" are used for more complex interactions, such as submitting forms or updating data.

Additionally, the request includes the Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or the web address of the resource the browser wants to retrieve. This URL helps the server identify the exact location of the requested information. Furthermore, the request may contain headers, which provide additional information about the request, such as the browser type, accepted content types, or authentication credentials.

Once the server receives the HTTP request, it processes the request and generates an HTTP response. This response contains the requested information, along with a status code that indicates whether the request was successful or encountered an error. The most common status code is "200 OK," which signifies a successful response. Other codes like "404 Not Found" or "500 Internal Server Error" indicate various types of errors.

The HTTP response also includes headers that provide metadata about the response, such as the content type, length, and caching instructions. Additionally, the response may contain the actual content, such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, images, or videos, depending on the requested resource.

HTTP operates on top of another protocol called the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which ensures reliable and ordered delivery of data packets over the internet. Together, HTTP and TCP form a powerful duo that enables the seamless transfer of information between web browsers and servers.

In conclusion, HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP) is the backbone of communication between web browsers and servers on the internet. It allows us to retrieve information from servers and view websites, images, videos, and other web resources. Understanding HTTP is essential for anyone seeking to comprehend the inner workings of the World Wide Web and its logistics.

Ready to Get Started?

Cargoz provides solution for all your storage needs

Share this Article