Boost Your Supply Chain Terminology


10+2 14 Points 24-hour Manifest Rule (24-hour Rule) 24/7 24/7/365 3D Loading 3PL 5 Whys 5-Point Annual Average 5-S Program 6-S 7 Wastes 80-20 Rule 4PL 3PSP


A3 Method Abandonment ABC Classification ABC Costing ABC Frequency of Access ABC Inventory Control ABC Model ABC System ABM Abnormal Demand Absorption Costing Acceptable Quality Level (AQL) Acceptable Sampling Plan Acceptance Sampling Accessibility Accessorial Charges Accessory Accountability Accounts Payable (A/P) Accounts receivable (A/R) Accreditation Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) Accumulation bin Accuracy Acknowledgment Acquisition Categories(ACAT) Acquisition Cost ACSI Action Message Action Plan Activation Active Inventory Activity Activity Analysis Activity Based Budgeting (ABB) Activity Based Costing (ABC) Activity Based Planning (ABP) Activity Dictionary Activity Driver Activity Level Activity Network Diagram Activity-based costing (ABC) Activity-Based Management (ABM) Actual Cost System Actual Costs Actual Demand Actual to Theoretical Cycle Time Adaptive Smoothing ADR Advance Material Request Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) Advanced Shipping Notice (ASN) After-Sale Service Aftermarket Agency Tariff Agent Agglomeration Aggregate Forecast Aggregate Inventory Aggregate InventoryManagement Aggregate Plan Aggregate Planning Aggregate Tender Rate Agile Manufacturing Agility Air Cargo Air Cargo Containers Air Taxi Air Transport Association of America Air waybill (AWB) Air Waybill (AWB) Airport and Airway Trust Fund Alaskan Carrier Algorithm All-Cargo Carrier Allocated Item Allocation Allocation Costing Alpha Release Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR) Alternate Routing AMC AMC Airmen American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) American National Standards Institute (ANSI) American Society for Quality (ASQ) American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) American Society of Transportation and Logistics American Standard Code for Inf ormation Interchange (ASCII) American Trucking Association Inc American Waterway Operators AMFC Amtrak Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Andon Animated GIF ANSI ASC X12 ANSI Standard Anti-Deficiency Act [Title 31, U.S. Code, Sec 1341 and 1517] Anticipated Delay Report Anticipation Inventories Anticipation Order Any-Quantity Rate (AQ) Applicability Statement 2 (AS2) Application program interface (API) Application Service Provider (ASP) Application-to-Application Approved Vendor List (AVL) AQR Army Corps of Engineers Arrival Notice Arrow Diagram AS/RS AS2 ASC X12 ASCII ASN ASP ASQ Assemble-To-Order Assembly Assembly Line Assignment Association of American Railroads Assumed Receipt Assured Source of Supply ASTD ASTM Asynchronous Process Atomic ATP ATS Attachment Attributes Audit Audit Trail Auditability Auditing Authentication Authentication Key Auto ID Autodiscrimination Automated Broker Interface (ABI) Automated Call Distribution (ACD) Automated Clearinghouse (ACH) Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) Automated Guided Vehicle System (AGVS) Automated Manifest System (AMS) Automated Storage / Retrieval System (AS/RS) Automatic Relief Available Inventory Available to promise (ATP) Available to Sell (ATS) Available-to-Promise (ATP) Average Annual Production Materials Related A/P (Accounts Payable) Average Cost per Unit Average Inventory Average Payment Period (for materials) Avoidable Cost A/P A/R ABB ABI ABP ACAT Acceptance Number Accessorial Fee ACD ACE ACH Action Report Actual to Target Gap Analysis AGVS Alert AMS ANSI APS AQL ASC


B2B B2C Back Order Back Scheduling Back-Charged Backflush Backhaul Backlog Customer Backorder Backsourcing Balance of Trade Balance to Ship (BTS) Balanced Scorecard Bar Code Barcode scanner Barge Barrier to Entry Base Demand Base Stock System Baseline Basing-Point Pricing Basis point (BPS) Batch Control Totals Batch Number Batch Picking Batch Processing Batch Release Baud BCP Belly Cargo Benchmark Benchmarking Benefit-cost ratio Bespoke Best Practice Best-in-Class Beta Release Bilateral Contract Bill of Activities Bill of lading (BOL) Bill of Lading (BOL) Bill of Lading Through Bill of Material Accuracy Bill of Material(BOM) Bill of materials (BOM) Bill of Resources Bin Binary Bitmap Image (BMP) Blanket Purchase Order Blanket Purchasing Agreement (BPA) Blanket Rate Blanket Release Bleeding Edge Block Diagram Block stacking Blocking Bug Blow Through Body of Knowledge (BOK) Bona Fide Need Rule Bonded Warehouse Book Inventory Bookings Bottleneck Bottom-up Replanning Bounce Back Box-Jenkins Model Boxcar BPM BPO BPR Bracing Bracketed Recall Branding Breadman Break-Bulk Break-Even Chart Break-Even Point Bricks and Mortar Broadband Broken Case Broker Brokered Systems Browser BRs BTS Bucket-Brigade Picking Bucketed System Bucketless System Buffer Buffer Management Bulk Area Bulk Packing Bulk Storage Bulletin Board Bullwhip Effect Bundle Bundling Burn Rate Business Activity Monitoring (BAM) Business Application Business Continuity Plan (BCP) Business Intelligence (BI) Business Logistics Business Performance Measurement (BPM) Business Plan Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) Business Process Reengineering (BPR) Business Reviews (BRs) Business Unit Business-to-Business (B2B) Business-to-Consumer (B2C) Buyer Behavior Buying Cards (P-Cards) Byte Balanced Operational Performance Goals BAM Beginning Available Balance BI Blanket Order BOL BOM


C&F Cabotage CADEX Cage CAGE Code Caged Calendar Days Call Center Call Volume Call-Off Orders Can-Order Point Cantilever Rack Capability Maturity Model (CMM) Capable to Promise (CTP) Capacity Capacity Management Capacity Planning CAPEX CAR Car Supply Charge Carbon Footprint Carbon Trade Cargo Carload Lot Carmack Amendment Carousel Carrier Cartel Cartonization Cascade Tendering Case Code Cash Conversion Cycle Cash-to-Cash Cycle Time Catalog Item (CI) Categorical Plan Category Management Cause and Effect Diagram CBP CBT Cell Cellular Manufacturing Center-of-Gravity Approach Centralized Authority Centralized Dispatching Centralized Inventory Control Certificate of Analysis (COA) Certificate of Compliance Certificate of Origin Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity Certificated Carrier Certified Supplier Chain of Customers Chain Reaction Challenge and Response Champion Change Agent Change Management Change Order Changeover Channel Channel Conflict Channel Partners Channels of Distribution Chargeback Provisions Charging Area Chock CI CIF City Driver Civil Aeronautics Board CL Claim Class I carrier Class II carrier Class III carrier Classification Classification Yard ClassRate Clearinghouse Click-and-Mortar CLIN (Contract Line Items Number) Clip Art CLM Closed-Loop Corrective Action (CLCA) Closed-Loop MRP Cloud Computing CLS (Contractor Logistics Support) CLS (Fixed Price) CLS(CostPlus) Cluster Picking Co-Destiny Co-Managed Inventory (CMI) Co-opetition Co-Packer Co-product Coastal Carriers Code Codifying COGS Collaboration Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment (CPFR®) Collect Freight Commercial Invoice Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) Commercial Zone Committed Capability Committee of American Steamship Lines Commodities Clause Commodity Commodity Buying Commodity Code Commodity rate Common Carrier Common Carrier Duties Common Cost Communication Protocol Commuter Company Culture Comparative Advantage Competitive Advantage Competitive Benchmarking Competitive Bid Competitive Differentiator Complete and On-Time Delivery (COTD) Complete Manufacture to Ship Time Compliance Compliance Checking Compliance Monitoring Compliance Program Component Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) Computer-Aided Process Planning (CAPP) Computer-Based Training (CBT) Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Computerized Maintenance Management Systems (CMMS) Computerized Process Simulation Concurrent Engineering Configuration Configure/Package-to-Order Confirmation Confirming Order Conformance CONOPS Conrail Consensus Consignee Consignment Consignment Inventory Consignor Consolidation Consolidator Consortium Constraint Consul Consular Declaration Consular Documents Consular Invoice Consumer Packaged Goods (CPG) Consuming the Forecast Consumption Entry Contactless Container Container Security Initiative (CSI) Containerization Contingency Planning Continuous Flow Distribution (CFD) Continuous Flow Manufacturing Continuous Improvement (CI) Continuous Move Continuous Order Release Continuous Process Improvement (CPI) Continuous Replenishment Continuous Replenishment Planning (CRP) Continuous-Flow, Fixed-Path Equipment Contract Contract Administration Contract Carrier Contract freight Contractor Contribution Contribution Margin Controllable Returns Controlled Access Conveyor Cookie Cooperative Associations Coordinated Transportation Core Competency Cost Accounting Cost Allocation Cost Center Cost Driver Cost Driver Analysis Cost Element Cost Management Cost of Capital Cost of Lost Sales Cost Trade-off Cost Variance Cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) Cost-to-Serve Costs per Unit Moved COTD COTS Council of Logistics Management (CLM) Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP) Count Back Country of Origin(COO) Courier Service CPAF (Cost Plus Award - Fee) CPAR CPIF (Cost Plus Incentive-Fee) Credit Level Credit Memo (CM) Critical Differentiators Critical Success Factor (CSF) Critical Value Analysis CRM Cross docking Cross Functional Cross Functional “Process” Metric Cross Sell Cross-Shipment Cross-Subsidy Crossdock / Cross Docking (XDK) CRP CRR CSCMP CSF CSI CSR CTP Cubage Cube Cube Utilization Cubic Space Cumulative Available-to-Promise Cumulative Lead Time Cumulative Source/Make Cycle Time Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF) Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMP) Customer Customer Acquisition or Retention Customer Driven Customer Facing Customer Operations Performance Center (COPC) Customer Order Customer Profitability Customer Receipt of Order to Installation Complete Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Customer Segmentation Customer Service Customer Service Ratio: See Percent of Fill Customer Service Representative (CSR) Customer Signature/Authorization to Order Receipt CUSTOMER WAIT TIME (CWT) Customer-Supplier Partnership Customer/Order Fulfillment Process Customization Customs and Border Protection U.S. (CBP) Customs House Broker Customs-Trade Partnership against Terrorism (C-TPAT) Cycle Counting Cycle Inventory Cycle Time Cycle Time to Process Excess Product Returns for Resale Cycle Time to Process Obsolete and End-of-Life Product Returns for Disposal Cycle Time to Repair or Refurbish Returns for Use Cyclical Demand C-TPAT CAE CFD CGMP CLCA CM CMI CMM CMMS COA Combined Lead Time Commodity Procurement Strategy Computerized SPC COO COPC CPFR CPG CPI Cradle to Grave Customer Interaction Center CWT


Dangerous Goods Dashboard Data Cleansing Data Communications Data Field Formatting Data Integration Data Integrity Data Interchange Standards Association (DISA) Data Mining Data Pool Data Steward Data Warehouse Database Date Code Days of Supply Days Payable Outstanding (DPO) Days Sales Outstanding (DSO) DC Bypass De-manufacturing Dead on Arrival (DOA) Deadhead Deadweight Decentralized Authority Decision Support System (DSS) Declaration of Dangerous Goods Declared Value Decomposition Dedicated Contract Carriage Defect Analysis Defective Goods Inventory (DGI) Defense Acquisition Executive: DAE Defense Automatic Addressing System: DAAS Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: DFARS Defense Finance and Accounting Service: DFAS Defense Logistics Agency(DLA): A possible source of supply Defense Working Capital Fund(DWCF) Delimiters Delivery Appointment Delivery Performance to Commit Date Delivery Performance to Request Date Delivery-Duty-Paid Delphi Method Delta Nu Alpha Demand Demand Based Production Demand Chain Demand Chain Management Demand Management Demand Planning Demand Planning Systems Demand Pull Demand Sensing Demand Shaping Demand Signal Demand Supply Balancing Demand Time Fence (DTF) Demand-Driven Supply Network (DDSN) Demand-Side Analysis Deming Circle Demographic Segmentation Demurrage Denied Party List (DPL) Density Density Rate Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Depot Deregulation Derived Demand Design for Manufacture / Assembly (DFMA) Design of Experiments (DoE) Destination-Enhanced Consolidation Detention Fee Deterministic Models Dial Up Differential Differentiation Digital Signature Direct Channel Direct Cost Direct Debit (DD) Direct product profitability (DPP) Direct Production Material Direct Retail Locations Direct Store Delivery (DSD) Direct Transmission Direct-to-Store (DTS) Delivery Directed Tasks Disaster Recovery Planning Discontinuous Demand Discrete Manufacturing Discrete Order Picking Discrete Order Quantity Disintermediation Dispatching Distributed Inventory Distribution Distribution Center (DC) Distribution Channel Distribution Channel Management Distribution On Demand (DOD) Distribution Planning Distribution Requirements Planning (DRP) Distribution Resource Planning (DRP II) Distribution Warehouse Distributor Diversion Diversity DMAIC DMZSeparation DOA Dock receipt Dock-to-Stock Dock-to-Stock Cycle Time Document Documentation DOD DoDD DoDI DOE Domain Domestic Trunk Line Carrier Dormant Route Double Bottoms Double Order Point System Double Stack Double-Pallet Jack Download Downside Flex Agreement Downstream DPC DPL DPO DPP Drayage Driving Time Regulations Drop Drop and Hook Drop Ship Drop shipping Drop Trailers DRP DRPII Drum-Buffer-Rope (DBR) DSD DSO DSS DTF DTS Dual Operation Dual Rate System Dumping Dunnage DUNS DUNS Number Durable Goods Duty Free Zone (DFZ) Dwell Time Dynamic Lot Sizing Dynamic Process Control (DPC) Dynamic Rescheduling Days' Inventory DBR DC DFMA DGI DHS DISA


EAI EAN EAN.UCC EAN.UCCInformationNetwork(EIN) Early Supplier Involvement (ESI) Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) Economic Value Added (EVA) Economy of Scale Efficient Consumer Response (ECR) Electronic Commerce (EC) Electronic data interchange (EDI) Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Electronic Data Interchange Association (EDIA) Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) Electronic Mail (E-Mail) Electronic Product Code (EPC or ePC) Electronic Signature Elkins Act eMarketplace Embargo Empirical Employee Performance Management (EPM) Empowerment Encryption End Item End-of-Life End-of-Life Inventory Engineer-to-Order Engineering Change Engineering Change Order (ECO) Engineering Change Proposal (ECP) Enroute Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) Enterprise resource planning (ERP) Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System Enterprise-Wide ABM Enveloping Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Environmentally Sensitive Engineering EOL EOQ EPC or ePC ePedigree EPM EPS EPZ Equipment Equipment I.D Equipment Positioning Ergonomic ERP ERS ESI Estimated time of arrival (ETA) Estimated time of departure (ETD) ETA ETD Ethernet Ethical Standards EVA Evaluated Receipts Settlement (ERS) Ex Works (EXW) Exception Rate Exception-Based Processing Excess and Obsolescence (E&O) Exclusive Patronage Agreements Exclusive Use Executive Dashboard Exemplar Exempt Carrier Expediting Expert System Exponential Smoothing Forecast Export Export Broker Export Compliance Export License Export Processing Zone (EPZ) Export Sales Contract Exporter Identification Number (EIN) Exports Extensible Markup Language (XML) External Factory External Registration Company Extranet Extrinsic Forecast E-mail Explode-to-Deduct


FA Fabricator Facilities Factory Gate Pricing Failure Modes Effects Analysis (FMEA) Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) Fair Return Fair value Fair-share Quantity Logic FAK FAR FARS FAS FAST Fast and Secure Trade (FAST) Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) FCL FDA Feature Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (FARS) Federal Aviation Administration Federal Drug Administration (FDA) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Maritime Commission Feeder Railroad Development Program FG (Finished Goods Inventory) Field Finished Goods Field Service Parts Field Warehouse File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Fill Rate Fill Rates by Order Final Assembly Final Assembly Schedule (FAS) Finance Lease Financial Responsibility Finished Goods Inventory (FG or FGI) Finite Forward Scheduling Finite Scheduling Firewall Firm Planned Order First expired, first out (FEFO) First Expired, First Out (FEFO) First in, first out (FIFO) First In, First Out (FIFO) First Mover Advantage Fixed Costs Fixed Interval Inventory Model Fixed Order Quantity Fixed Overhead Fixed Price (FP) Fixed Quantity Inventory Model Fixed Reorder Cycle Inventory Model Fixed Reorder Quantity Inventory Model Fixed-Location Storage Fixed-Period Requirements Flag of Convenience Flat Flatbed Flatcar Flexibility Flexible Specialization Float Floor loaded Floor loading Floor-Ready Merchandise (FRM) Flow Rack Flow-Through Distribution FMC FMCG FMEA FOB FOB Destination FOB Origin For-hire carrier Forecast Forecast Accuracy Forecast Cycle Forecasting Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) Forklift Truck Form Utility Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) Forward stocking Four P’s Four Wall Inventory Fourier Series Fourth party logistics (4PL) Fourth-Party Logistics (4PL) Free Alongside Ship (FAS) Free on Board (FOB) Free Time Free Trade Zone (FTZ) Freezing inventory balances Freight Freight Bill Freight Carriers Freight Charge Freight Collect Freight Consolidation Freight Forwarder Freight Forwarders Institute Freight Prepaid Freight-All-Kinds (FAK) FRM Fronthaul Frozen Zone FTE FTL FTP FTZ Fulfillment Fulfillment Agent Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) Full container load (FCL) Full Container load (FCL) Full Mission-Capable (FMC) Full truckload (FTL) Full Truckload (FTL) Full-Service Leasing Full-time Equivalents (FTE) Fully Allocated Cost Functional Group Functional Metric Functional Silo FunctionalAcknowledgment (FA) Fungible Future Order FEFO FEU (Forty-foot equivalent unit) FGI (Finished Goods Inventory) Field Service FIFO Foxhole


Gain Sharing Game Theory Gaming the System Gap Analysis Gateway Gathering Lines GATT GCI GDSN Get the big players in the fold first, offering equity if necessary Global Location Number (GLN) Global Positioning System (GPS) Global Standards Management Process (GSMP) Global Strategy Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) Going-concern value Gondola Good Distribution Practices Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) Goods Received Note (GRN) GPS GreenField Greenhouse Gas Emissions GreenLane Grid Technique Gross Inventory Gross Margin Gross National Product (GNP) Gross Weight Groupthink GS1 GTIN GTM Guaranteed Loans


HA Handling Costs Hard Copy Harmonized Code Haulage Hawaiian carrier Hawthorne Effect Hazardous Material Hedge Inventory Heijunka Hi-low Hierarchy of Cost Assignability High Availability Clusters (HA) Highway Trust Fund Highway Use Taxes Home Page Honeycomb Loss Honeycombing Hopper Cars Horizontal Play/Horizontal Hub Hoshin Planning Hostler Household Goods Warehouse HR HTML HTTP Hub Hub Airport Human Factor Design Human Resources (HR) Human-Machine Interface Hundredweight (cwt) Hurdle Rate Hybrid Inventory System Hyperinflation Hyperlink HyperText Markup Language (HTML) HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP) Hazardous Goods HazMat


IATA ICC Igloos Image Processing IMB IMC IMO Import Import/Export License Importation Point Impressions In Bond In-store Implementation (ISI) In-transit Inventory Inbound Logistics Incentive Fee Incentive Rate INCOTERMS Independent Action Independent Demand Independent Trading Exchange (ITE) Indirect Cost Indirect Retail Locations Indirect/Distributor Channel Infinite Loading Information Systems (IS) Inherent Advantage Initial Contact Personnel Inland Bill of Lading Inland Port InlandCarrier Insourcing Inspection Certificate Integrated Carrier Integrated Logistics Integrated Product Teams (IPT) Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Integrated TowBarge Intellectual Property (IP) Inter-Service Support Agreement (ISSA) Interchange Intercoastal carriers Intercorporate hauling Interim Contract Support (ICS) Interleaving Interline Intermediately Positioned Warehouse Intermittent-Flow, Fixed-Path Equipment Intermodal (INT) Intermodal Container Transfer Facility Intermodal Marketing Company (IMC) Intermodal Transport Unit (ITU) Intermodal Transportation Internal customer Internal Labor and Overhead Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Internal Water Carriers International Air Transport Association (IATA) International Civil Aeronautics Organization International Maritime Bureau (IMB) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Security, Trust, and Privacy Alliance (ISTPA) International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS) International Standards Organization (ISO) International Warehouse Logistics Association Internet Interstate Commerce Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Interstate System Intra-Manufacturing Re-plan Cycle Intrastate Commerce Intrinsic Forecasting Inventory Inventory Accuracy Inventory Balance Location Accuracy Inventory Buffers Inventory Carrying Cost Inventory Days of Supply (for RM, WIP, PFG, and FFG) Inventory Deployment Inventory Management Inventory management system (IMS) Inventory Planning Systems Inventory Turns Inventory Velocity Invoice IP IPT IRR Irregular Route Carrier IS ISDN ISI ISO ISO 14000 Series Standards ISO 9000 ISPS IT Item ITL IWLA


Java Java Applet JavaScript Jidoka JIT JIT II JIT/QC Joint cost Joint Depot Maintenance Activities Group (JDMAG) Joint Group on Depot Maintenance (JG-DM) Joint rate Joint Supplier Agreement (JSA) JPEG JSA Just-in-time (JIT) Just-in-Time (JIT) Just-in-Time II (JIT II)


Kaizen Kaizen Blitz Kanban Key performance indicator (KPI) Kitting Knock-Down (KD) Knowledge Management Systems KPI KD


Lading LAN Land bridge Land Grants Landed Cost Lane LashBarges Last in, first out (LIFO) Last In, First Out (LIFO) Last mile LCC LCL LDI Lead Logistics Partner (LLP) Lead Time Lead Time from Complete Manufacture to Customer Receipt Lead Time from Order Receipt to Complete Manufacture Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Lean Learning Management System Least Total Cost Least Unit Cost LEED Leg Legacy Less than container load (LCL) Less than truckload (LTL) Less-Than-Carload (LCL) Less-Than-Truckload (LTL) Carriers Lessee Lessor Letter of Credit (LOC) Leverage License Plate Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Life cycle (Cradle-to-Grave) LIFO Lift Truck Lift-On Lift-Off Lighter Line Line Functions Line Scrap Line-Haul Shipment Liner Service Link Linked Distributed Systems Little Inch Live LLP LMS LO-LO Load Factor Load Tender (Pick-Up Request) Loading Allowance Loading Port LOC Local Area Network (LAN) Local Rate Local Service Carriers Location Grid Location Tag Locational Determinant Locator System Lockbox Logbook Logistics Logistics Chain Manager Logistics Channel Logistics Data Interchange (LDI) Logistics Management Logistics Service Provider (LSP) Long Ton Lost Sale Lot Control Lot Number Lot Size Lot Sized System Lot-for-Lot LSP LTL Lumping Lumpy Demand Laid-down cost


m-Commerce M2M Machine Downtimes Machine-to-Machine interface (M2M) Macro Environment Mail Shop Mainframe Maintenance, Repair, and Operating supplies (MRO) Major Carrier Make-or-Buy Decision Make-to-Order (MTO) Make-to-Stock (MTS) Manifest Manufacture Cycle Time Manufacturer’s Representative Manufacturing Calendar Manufacturing Capital Asset Value Manufacturing Critical-Path Time(MCT) Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) Manufacturing Lead Time Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II) Mapping Margin Analysis Marginal Cost Marine insurance Maritime Administration Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) Market Demand Market Discovery Process Market Dominance Market Intelligence Market Segment Market Share Market Strategy Market-Positioned Warehouse Marks and Numbers Marquis Partners Marshaller or Marshalling Agent Mass Customization Master Pack Master Production Schedule (MPS) Material Acquisition Costs Material Index Material requirement planning (MRP) Material Requirements Planning (MRP) Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Materials Handling Materials Management Materials Planning Matrix Organizational Structure Maturity Level MAX Maximum Competitive Tension Maximum Inventory Maximum Order Quantity Mean Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) Measure Measurement Plans Median Merge In Transit Merger Message Meta Tag Metrics Micro-Land Bridge Middleware MIIL Specs Mileage Allowance Mileage Rate Milestone Milk run Min – Max System Mini-Land Bridge Minimum Weight Mirroring Misguided Capacity Plans Mitigation Strategies Mixed Loads Modal Split Modular Product/Service MOTE Motor Carrier Move Ticket Muda Multi-Currency Multi-Skilled Multinational Company Multiple-Car Rate Mura Muri M-Day Calendar MES Mistake Proofing MPS MRO MRP MRP-II MSDS MTBF MTO MTS MTSA


National Carrier National Industrial Traffic League National Industrial Transportation League (NITL) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Motor Bus Operators Organization National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) National Railroad Corporation National Stock Number (NSN) Nationalization NES Net Asset Turns Net Assets Net Change MRP Net Landed Costs Net Present Value (NPV) Net Requirements NetWeight Network Model Network Optimization Network Planning New Product Introduction (NPI) Next in, first out (NIFO) NII NIST NITL Nixie NMFC No Location (No Loc) Node Non-Certified Carrier Non-Compliance Non-Conveyable Non-Durable goods Non-Intrusive Inspection technology (NII) Non-Vessel-Owning Common Carrier (NVOCC) Nonconformity North American Container System (NACS) North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) NOS Not Otherwise Specified / Not Elsewhere Specified (NOS/NES) NPI NPV NSN NVOCC NACS NAFTA


Obeya Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) Obsolescence Obsolete Inventory Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Ocean Bill of Lading OE OEE OEM Offer Offline Offshore Offshoring OLE On Order On Time Delivery On Time In Full (OTIF) On-Demand On-Hand Balance On-Line Receiving One Piece Flow One Up/One Down One-Way Networks Online Open to Buy(OTB) Open-to-Buy Open-to-Receive Operating ratio Operational Availability Operational Performance Measurements Optimization Option Optional Replenishment Model Order Order Batching Order Complete Manufacture to Customer Receipt of Order Order Consolidation Profile Order Cycle Order Entry and Scheduling Order Entry Complete to Start Manufacture Order Exchange (OE) System Order Fulfillment Lead Times Order Interval Order Management Order Management Costs Order management system (OMS) Order Picking Order Point – Order Quantity System Order Processing Order Promising Order Receipt to Order Entry Complete Origin Original equipment manufacturer (OEM) Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) OS&D OSHA OTIF Out Of Stock Outbound Consolidation Outbound Logistics Outgate Outlier Outpartnering Outsource Outsourced Cost of Goods Sold Over, short and damaged (OS&D) Over-the-Road Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) Overpack Owner-Operator (OO) Order Level System Outbound Supply Chain Network Planning


P&D P&P P2P Pack Out Package to Order Packaging Indicator (PI) Packing and Marking Packing List Pallet Pallet Jack Pallet Rack Pallet Tag Pallet Ticket Pallet Wrapping Machine Parcel Parcel Case Strapping Parcel Shipment Pareto Part Period Balancing (PPB) Part Standardization Passenger-Mile Password Past Performance Automated Information System (PPAIS) Path to Profitability (P2P) Pattern Recognition Pay-on-Use Payment Payroll PBL Peak Demand Peer to Peer (P2P) Pegged Requirement Pegging Per Diem Percent of Fill Perfect Order Perfect Order Index (POI) Performance and Event Management Systems Performance Measurement Program Performance Measurement Units Performance Measures Performance-Based Logistics (PBL) Period Order Quantity Permanent Storage Permit Perpetual Inventory Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Personal Discrimination Phantom Bill of Material Physical Distribution Physical Supply PI Pick and pack Pick and Pass Pick List Pick Module Pick on Receipt Pick-by-Light Pick-to-Carton Pick-to-Clear Pick-to-Light Pick-to-Trailer Pick-Up Order Pick/Pack Picking Picking by Aisle Picking by Source Pickup and Delivery Piece Count Piggyback Pin Lock Place Utility PlainText Plan Deliver Plan Make Plan Source Plan Stability Plan-Do-Check-Action (PDCA) Planned Date Planned Order Planned Receipt Planning Bill of Material Planning Horizon Planning Time Fence Planogram Plant Finished Goods Point of Sale (POS) Point of Sale Information Point-of-Purchase (POP) Point-of-Use delivery Point-of-use inventory Poka Yoke (Mistake-Proof ) Police Powers Poly Mailer Pooling Port Port Authority Port of Discharge Port of Entry Port of Loading Portal POS Possession Utility Post-Deduct Inventory Transaction Processing Postponement POU Power-By-the-Hour (PBH) PPAIS PPB PPP Pre-Bid SupplierQualification Evaluation Pre-Deduct Inventory Transaction Processing Pre-Expediting Pre-Receiving Predictive Maintenance (PM) Prepaid Present Value Price Erosion Price Look-Up (PLU) Primary carrier Primary Highways Primary Manufacturing Strategy Primary-B usiness Test PRIME Q R Private Carrier Private Label Private Warehouse Pro Forma Invoice Pro Number Pro-Forma Proactive Process Process Benchmarking Process Improvement Process Manufacturing Process Optimization Process Yield Procurement Procurement Services Provider (PSP) Product Product Characteristics Product Configuration Product Configurator Product Data Management (PDM) Product Family Product ID Product Incubator Product Life Cycle Product Life Cycle Management (PLM) Product Planning Product Support Integrator (PSI) Product Support Manager (PSM) Product Velocity Production Capacity Production Forecast Production Line Production Planning and Scheduling Production Validation Production-Related Material Productivity ProductSupportProvider(PSP) Profit Before Interest and Tax (PBIT) Profit Management Profit ratio Profitability Analysis Profitable to Promise Promotion Promotion Planning Proof of delivery (POD) Proof of Delivery (POD) Proportional Rate Protocol Pseudo Bill of Materials PSP Public Private Partnering (PPP) Public Warehouse Public Warehouse Receipt Pull or Pull-Through Distribution Pull Ordering System Pull Signal Pull-Based Customer Replenishment Signals Pup Purchase Order (PO) Purchase Price Variance Purchase Price Viscount Purchasing Pure raw material Push Back Rack Push Distribution Push Ordering System Push Technology Put Away Put-to-Light P-Cards PBIT PDA PDCA PDM Periodic Review System Planning Bill Planning Calendar Planning Fence PLM PLU PO POD PrimaryDefect Analysis Production Calendar


QC QFD QR QS 9000 Qualifier Qualitative Forecasting Techniques Quality Quality Circle Quality Control (QC) Quality Function Deployment (QFD) Quality Policy Quantitative Forecasting Techniques Quarantine Quick Response (QR) Quantity Based Order System


Rack Racking Radio Frequency (RF) Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Ramp Rate Random-Location Storage Rate Basis Number Rate Basis Point Rate Bureau Rate-Based Scheduling Rationalization Exercise Rationing Raw Materials (RM) RDT&E RDTs Re-plan Cycle REACH Real-Time Reasonable Rate Recapture Clause Receiving Receiving Dock Recency, Frequency, Monetary (RFM) Reconsignment Redistribution Reed-Bulwinkle Act Reefer Reengineering Refrigerated Carriers Regeneration MRP Regional Carrier Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemical Substances (REACH) Regular-route carrier Relay Terminal Release-to-Start Manufacturing Released-Value Rates Reliability Remanufacturing / Refurbishing Reorder Point Reparation Replenishment Request for Information (RFI) Request for Proposal (RFP) Request for Quote (RFQ) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Resellers Resource Driver Resources Responsibility Matrix Retail distribution Retailer Return Disposal Costs Return Goods Handling Return Material Authorization or Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) Return on Assets (ROA) Return on Investment (ROI) Return on Net Assets Return on Sales Return Product Authorization (RPA) Return to Vendor (RTV) Returns Inventory Costs Returns Material Acquisition, Finance, Planning and IT Costs Returns Order Management Costs Returns Processing Cost Returns To Scale Reverse Auction Reverse Engineering Reverse logistics Reverse Logistics RF Remote Data Terminals (RDTs) RFI RFID RFM RFP RFQ RFT RGA Rich Media Right of eminent domain Risk Management Risk Mitigation RM RMA RO-RO Roll-on-Roll-off (RO-RO) Root Cause Analysis RosettaNet Routing Accuracy Routing or Routing Guide RPA RTF RTV Rule of Eight Rule of Rate Making Rules-Based Picking Logic Rules-Based Returns Returns Defect Analysis RF Risk Exposure Analysis


Safety Stock Salable Goods Sales and Operations Planning (SOP) Sales Cycle Time Sales Forecast Sales Mix Sales Plan Sales Planning Salvage Material Sarbanes-Oxley Public Accounting and Investor Protection Act Saw-Tooth Diagram Scalability Scan Scan-Based Trading (SBT) Scanlon Plan Scenario Forecasts Scorecard Scrap Material Seasonality Secondary Highways Secure Electronic Transaction (SET) Segmentation Seiketsu (Standardize) Seiri (Sort) Seiso (Shine) Seiton (Straighten) Self Billing Self Correcting Sell In Sell Through Selling, General and Administrative (SG&A) Expenses Sensitivity Analysis (SA) Separable Cost Serial Number Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC) Serpentine Picking Service Level Service Level Agreement (SLA) Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Service Parts Revenue SET: See Setup Costs Seven Wastes SEZ: See SG &A: See Shared Services Shareholder Value Shelf life Shewhart Cycle: See Ship Agent Ship broker Shipper Shipper-Carriers Shipper’s Agent Shipper’s Association Shipping Shipping Lane Shipping Manifest Shop Floor Production Control Systems Short Sea Shipping Short Shipment Short-Haul Short-Haul Discrimination Shrinkage Sigma Silo Simulation Single Minute Exchange of Dies (SMED) Single Source Leasing Single Sourcing Single-Period Inventory Models Six-Sigma Quality Skill Based Pay System Skills Matrix Sleeper Team Slip Seat Operation Slip Sheet Slot Based Production Slotting Slurry Small Group Improvement Activity Small Parcel Ground SMART Smart and Secure Trade Lanes (SST) Smart Grid Smart Label SmartWay Certification Sole Sourcing Sortation Spam SPC Special Economic Zone (SEZ) Special-Commodities Carrier Special-Commodity Warehouses Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-Based (SMART) SPG Splash Page Split Case Order Picking Split Delivery Spot Spot Demand Spur Track SSCC SST Stable Demand Stack Car Staff Functions Staging Stakeholders Stand Up Fork Lift Standard Carrier Alpha Code (SCAC/SCAC Code) Standard Components Standard Cost Accounting System Standard Deviation/Variance Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Start Manufacture to Order Complete Manufacture Statement of Objectives (SOO) Statement of Work (SOW) Statistical Process Control (SPC) Steamship Conferences Stevedores Stickering Stochastic Models Stock Keeping Unit (SKU) Stock Out Stock-Out Cost Stockchase Stockless Inventory Stockless Purchasing Stop Sequence Stores Straight Truck Strategic Alliance Strategic Planning Strategic Profit Model Strategic Sourcing Strategic Variables Strategy Stretch Hood Stretch Wrap Sub-Optimization Sub-Tier Suppliers Subcontracting Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) Substitutability Sunk Cost Supermarket Approach Supplemental carrier Supplier Supplier Capacity Analysis Supplier Certification Supplier Council Supplier Criticality Assessment Supplier Cycle Time Supplier Management Program Supplier On-Time Delivery Supplier Scorecards Supplier-Owned Inventory (SOI) SupplierServiceLevel Supply Chain Supply Chain Council Supply Chain Design Supply Chain Event Management (SCEM) Supply Chain Execution (SCE) Supply Chain Integration (SCI) Supply Chain Inventory Visibility Supply Chain Management (SCM) as defined by the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP ) Supply Chain Network Design Systems Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR) Supply Chain Resiliency Supply Chain Strategy Planning Supply Chain Vulnerability Supply Chain-Related Finance and Planning Cost Element Supply Chain-Related IT Costs Supply Planning Supply Planning Systems Supply Warehouse Support Costs Supportability Surcharge Surge Capacity Surrogate [item] Driver Sustainability Sustaining Activity SVHC SWAS Swimlane Switch Engine Switching company SWOT SWOT Analysis Synchronization Synchronous Process Syntax System Systems Concept SBT SCAC/SCAC Code SCE SCEM SCI SCM SCOR Shop Calendar SIC SKU Standing Order Stovepipe


T's & C's Tact Time Tactical Planning Taguchi Method Takt Time Tally Sheet Tandem Tank Cars Tapering Rate Tare Weight Target Costing Tariff Task Interleaving Tasks Taxonomy TEU Theoretical Cycle Time Theory of Constraints (TOC) Third party logistics (3PL) Third Party Logistics Provider Third-Party Logistics (3PL) Third-Party Warehousing Three-Layer Framework Throughput Time Based Order System Time Bucket Time Fence Time Utility Time-Definite Services Time-To-Market Time/Service Rate Timetables TL TMS TOC TOFC Ton-Mile Total Annual Material Receipts Total Annual Sales Total Average Inventory Total Cost Analysis Total Cost Curve Total Cost of Acquisition Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Total Cost of Quality Total Inventory Days of Supply Total Landed Costs Total Make Cycle Time Total Package and Label Cycle Time Total Product Revenue Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) Total Quality Management (TQM) Total Sourcing Lead Time (95% of Raw Material Dollar Value) Total Supply Chain Response Time Total Supply-Chain Management Cost (5 elements) Total Test and Release Cycle Time TotalCumulative Manufacture Cycle Time Toto authority Touch Labor Touches TPM TQM Traceability Tracing Tracking Signal TrackingandTracing Tractor Trading Partner Trading Partner Agreement Traffic Traffic Management Trailer Trailer Drops Trailer on a Flatcar (TOFC) Training Plan Tramp Transaction Transaction Set Transaction Set ID Transactional Acknowledgement Transfer Pricing Transit privilege Transit Privilege Transit Time Translation Software Transload Facility Transmission Acknowledgment Transparency Transportation Association of America Transportation Cycle Time Transportation Management System (TMS) Transportation Method Transportation Mode Transportation Planning Transportation Planning Systems Transportation Requirements Planning (TRP) Transportation Research Board Transportation Research Forum Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Transshipment Problem Travel Agent Trend Trend Forecasting Models Tribal Knowledge Triple Bottom Line Metrics TRP Truckload Carriers (TL) Truckload Lot Trunk Lines TSA Turnover Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit (TEU) Two-Bin System Two-Level Master Schedule Two-way Scorecards Third Party Service Provider 3PSP Transit Inventory


Ubiquity UI Umbrella rate UN/SPSC Unbundled Payment/Remittance Under Utilization Uniform Communication Standard (UCS) Uniform Product Code (UPC) Uniform Resource Locator (URL) Uniform Warehouse Receipts Act Unit Cost Unit Load Device (ULD) Unit of Driver Measure Unit of Measure (UOM) Unit Train Unit-of-Measure Conversion United Nations Standard Product and Service Code (UN/SPSC) United States Railway Association Unitization Unitize Units Moved per Man Hour Unplanned Order UOM UPC Upcharges Upsell Upside Flex Agreement Upside Production Flexibility Upstream Urban Mass Transportation Administration Usage Rate UCC UCS URL


Validation Value Analysis Value Based Return (VBR) Value Chain Value Chain Analysis Value Engineering Change Proposal (VECP) Value of Transfers Value Proposition Value Stream Value Stream Mapping Value-Added Value-Added Network (VAN) Value-Added Productivity Per Employee Value-Adding/Nonvalue-Adding Value-Engineering Value-of-Service Pricing VAN Variable Cost VBR VECP Vehicle Telemetric Systems Velocity Vendor Vendor Code Vendor Owned Inventory (VOI) Vendor-Managed Inventory (VMI) Vertical Hub/Vertical Portal Vertical Integration Vessel Vested Outsourcing (VO) VICS Viral Marketing Virtual Corporation Visibility Visible Skills Matrices Vision VMI VO VOI Voice Activated or Voice Directed Voice of The Customer


Wagner-Whitin Algorithm Wall-to-Wall Inventory Warehouse Warehouse Management System (WMS) Warehousing Warranty Warranty Costs Waste Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Waterway Use Tax Wave Picking Waybill Web Web 2.0 Web Browser Web Services Web Site Weight Confirmation Weight-Losing Raw Material WeightBreak Weighted-Point Plan What If Scenarios What You See Is What You Get (WYSIWYG) Wide Area Network (WAN) Wikis Will Call Windows Meta File (WMF) WIP Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Work Sequence Work-in-Process (WIP) World Trade Organization (WTO) World Wide Web (WWW) WYSIWYG WAN Wholesaler




Yard Management System (YMS) Yield Yokoten


Zero Inventory Zone of rate flexibility Zone of Rate Freedom Zone of Reasonableness Zone Picking Zone Price Zone Skipping Zone Jumping