Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

Tags: Glossary

A United States federal law established a national minimum wage, guarantees time and a half for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibits most employment of minors in oppressive child labor.

What is Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)?

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is a crucial piece of legislation in the United States that aims to protect workers' rights and ensure fair labor practices. Enacted in 1938, this federal law has had a significant impact on the labor landscape by establishing a national minimum wage, regulating overtime pay, and safeguarding minors from exploitative child labor.

One of the primary objectives of the FLSA is to establish a minimum wage that employers must pay their employees. The law sets a baseline wage rate that ensures workers receive a fair compensation for their labor. This provision helps prevent the exploitation of workers by ensuring they are paid a reasonable amount for their time and effort. The minimum wage is periodically adjusted to account for inflation and changes in the cost of living, ensuring that workers' purchasing power is maintained over time.

In addition to the minimum wage, the FLSA also addresses the issue of overtime pay. Under this law, certain employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek are entitled to receive "time and a half" for each additional hour worked. This means that for every hour worked beyond the standard 40 hours, employees must be paid 1.5 times their regular hourly rate. This provision encourages employers to limit excessive working hours and compensates employees for their additional effort.

Furthermore, the FLSA places restrictions on the employment of minors to protect them from oppressive child labor. The law prohibits most forms of employment for individuals under the age of 18 that could be detrimental to their health, education, or overall well-being. By establishing guidelines for the employment of minors, the FLSA ensures that young individuals are not subjected to hazardous or exploitative working conditions.

Overall, the Fair Labor Standards Act plays a vital role in promoting fair labor practices and protecting the rights of workers in the United States. By establishing a minimum wage, regulating overtime pay, and prohibiting oppressive child labor, this legislation helps create a more equitable and just work environment. It is essential for employers and employees alike to understand and comply with the provisions of the FLSA to ensure fair treatment and uphold the principles of social responsibility in the realm of logistics and beyond.

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