Applicability Statement 2 (AS2)
A specification for Electronic Data Interchange between businesses using the Internet's Web page protocol, the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), is an extension of the earlier version, Applicability Statement 1 (AS1). Both specifications were created by EDI over the Internet (EDIINT), a working group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) that develops secure and reliable business communication standards.
What is Applicability Statement 2 (AS2)?
Applicability Statement 2 (AS2) is a specification that enables businesses to exchange electronic data interchange (EDI) messages securely and reliably over the Internet. It is an extension of the earlier version, Applicability Statement 1 (AS1), and was developed by EDI over the Internet (EDIINT), a working group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).
AS2 utilizes the Internet's Web page protocol, the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), to facilitate the exchange of EDI messages. This means that businesses can leverage existing Internet infrastructure and technologies to establish a secure and efficient communication channel for their EDI transactions.
One of the key advantages of AS2 is its ability to ensure the integrity and confidentiality of the exchanged data. AS2 employs digital signatures and encryption techniques to protect the messages during transmission, making it a secure method for conducting business transactions electronically. This level of security is crucial in today's digital landscape, where data breaches and cyber threats are prevalent.
AS2 also offers reliability in message delivery. It incorporates acknowledgment mechanisms that allow the sender to receive confirmation of successful message receipt from the receiver. This ensures that both parties are aware of the status of their transactions and can take appropriate actions if any issues arise.
Furthermore, AS2 provides flexibility in terms of message formats. It supports various data formats, including traditional EDI formats such as EDIFACT and X12, as well as newer XML-based formats. This versatility allows businesses to adapt to different industry standards and requirements, enabling seamless integration with their trading partners.
Implementing AS2 requires businesses to set up AS2 software or solutions on their systems. These solutions handle the encryption, digital signatures, and message routing necessary for AS2 communication. Additionally, businesses need to establish secure connections with their trading partners by exchanging digital certificates, which authenticate the identities of the parties involved.
In conclusion, AS2 is a specification that enables secure and reliable EDI communication between businesses over the Internet. It leverages the Web page protocol (HTTP) and incorporates encryption, digital signatures, and acknowledgment mechanisms to ensure data integrity, confidentiality, and message delivery. AS2 offers flexibility in message formats and requires businesses to implement AS2 software and establish secure connections with their trading partners. By adopting AS2, businesses can streamline their supply chain operations, enhance data security, and improve overall efficiency in their business transactions.